Diamond– Diamonds is easiest the most sought after type of gemstone. Diamond has a hard durable structure and its dispersion of light makes is desirable in any fine jewelry. The 4Cs help determine the quality or rather the grade of the diamond, which in turn is reflected on the price of the diamond. Clarity – Most diamonds have blemishes or imperfections which is often not visible to the naked eye. These blemishes are can naturally occur during formation of the diamond or when the diamond is cut, set or polished. The higher the clarity grade the less imperfection the more expensive the diamond is. A flawless diamond being superbly clear with no blemishes are the most desirable and the most expensive. Cut – A diamonds cut is just as important as it’s clarity. A good cut diamonds allows light to better disperse, bringing out its natural beauty. In addition to this a good cut diamond can also help conceal any blemishes and imperfections. While a poorly cut diamond can cause blemishes or imperfections making is look murky or dull. Carat Weight – A diamond’s weight is calculated in units Carat. The higher the Carat the heavier the diamond, the higher the price. Color – Diamond gemstone’s color ranges from colorless to yellow. The colors are graded by the Gemological Institute of America’s color scale which starts from D, being colorless to Z, being yellow.
Sapphire – When people hear the word Sapphire people generally think of the blue gemstones, but in fact sapphire is naturally available in green, purple, pink, yellow, orange and mixed colors.
Ruby – Throughout history Ruby has yielded a high value. The color of ruby is often associated with love, passion, desire and power. Because of its color; ruby is one of the most popular gemstones alongside with sapphire.
Amethyst – Colors of amethyst stones ranges from lilac to violet. Amethyst was once regarded highly amongst precious stones until large supplies were found in the 18th century causing it to become less desirable than before. They are commonly used in high-end and common jewelry pieces.
Emerald – Royalty throughout history have treasured emerald, one of which include Cleopatra who was a emerald enthusiast. Emerald color ranges from dark to medium green.
Garnet – Garnet gemstones are compromised of closely related minerals, thus is available in a range of colors from orange to shades of green to pink. Red is the most common color for garnet gemstones.
Synthetic/Lab Grown GEMSTONES:
The Gemological Institute of America, commonly referred to as GIA describes synthetic gemstones as a material “that is made in a laboratory, but which shares virtually all chemical properties, optical, and physical characteristics of its natural counterpart”.
Cubic Zirconia – Often called CZ for short or Cubic. CZ is zirconia in its colorless form which gives it the appearance like of diamond. The flawless clarity (D color) and its ability to disperse light makes it very desirable. CZ is also available in a variety of colors. CZ is often used with silver jewelry to help keep the cost down. Working with CZ makes it easy for to source, control the color and control the clarity.
Nano Crystal Gemstones – Unlike CZ Nano Gemstones have a tolerate temperatures upwards of 1700℃; giving it several advantages. Nano gems can withstand the high temperature from castings process and cause no discoloration. In addition to this Nano Gems are readily available and make it easy to control the color of the stones.